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russian.txt   For Vim version 8.0.  Last change: 2006 Apr 24

                  VIM REFERENCE MANUAL    by Vassily Ragosin

Russian language localization and support in Vim           russian Russian

1. Introduction                           russian-intro
2. Russian keymaps                        russian-keymap
3. Localization                           russian-l18n
4. Known issues                           russian-issues

1. Introduction                                                 russian-intro

Russian language is supported perfectly well in Vim.  You can type and view
Russian text just as any other, without the need to tweak the settings.

2. Russian keymaps                                             russian-keymap

To switch between languages you can use your system native keyboard switcher,
or use one of the Russian keymaps, included in the Vim distribution.  For

    :set keymap=russian-jcukenwin

In the latter case, you can switch between languages even if you do not have
system Russian keyboard or independently from a system-wide keyboard settings.
See 'keymap'.  You can also map a key to switch between keyboards, if you
choose the latter option.  See :map.

For your convenience, to avoid switching between keyboards, when you need to
enter Normal mode command, you can also set 'langmap' option:


This is in utf-8, you cannot read this if your 'encoding' is not utf-8.
You have to type this command in one line, it is wrapped for the sake of

3. Localization                                                  russian-l18n

If you wish to use messages, help files, menus and other items translated to
Russian, you will need to install the RuVim Language Pack, available in
different codepages from


Make sure that your Vim is at least 6.2.506 and use ruvim 0.5 or later for
automatic installs.  Vim also needs to be compiled with +gettext feature for
user interface items translations to work.

After downloading an archive from RuVim project, unpack it into your
$VIMRUNTIME directory.  We recommend using UTF-8 archive, if your version of
Vim is compiled with +multi_byte feature enabled.

In order to use the Russian documentation, make sure you have set the
'helplang' option to "ru".

4. Known issues                                                russian-issues

-- If you are using Russian message translations in Win32 console, then
   you may see the output produced by "vim --help", "vim --version" commands
   and Win32 console window title appearing in a wrong codepage.  This problem
   is related to a bug in GNU gettext library and may be fixed in the future
   releases of gettext.


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